What Prayer means to me?

Prophet's Manner of Performing Prayers

Prayer in Islam

Praying Fajr reflects how much you love Allah the Almighty

Fajr Prayer

Important Quotes regarding Salaah

How to gain Khushu in Salat

Are you ready and prepared to do the funeral pray when I die

Status of Eid prayer in Islam

What Prayer means to me?

Five times a day I retreat from life, pause and renew my intention for living. It's not just kids and work, fun and problems. There's more, much more ..... 

Lying just beneath the surface of our everyday thoughts. If we dare to peer within, we'll find it, the home of peace; of truth ; an acute awareness of what is wrong and right, of what is worthwhile and what is wasted. 
I stand still and concentrate on the spot on the carpet where my forehead will soon rest, casting aside all worries, fears and hopes, and focusing on the only One Who can help, Who can forgive, Who is Well-Aware of everything. Quietly, so only myself can hear, I recite the verses of Qu'ran that remind us, in every prayer, of the One Who showers Mercy of those who deserve it and those who don't. The One to whom, all Judgment lies and Whom we are all to return to, at an appointed time. I remember that no one can help me, no one can waylay my fears, no one can turn the tide of events, except the One to Whom all help is sought. 

When anger strikes my heart, I recite the verses that remind us of mercy, tolerance and forgiveness; raising the consciousness to see through the empty words that people speak, to the meaning that may have been intended. So I forgive. 

When worries cloud my mind and I'm busy planning what I should do, I recite those verses telling of good deeds and trust in the Lord of all. The best of planners, the Subduer of evil and the Exalter of Whom He pleases. So , I try my best, ask for help and leave the rest to Allah s.w.t. 

When I feel sad and lost, I recite the verses promising victory to those who strive to uphold piety, that place of rest and peace that lies not so far ahead and the Source of all Peace Whose help is always near. So, I wipe away my tears and keep on trying, never giving up. 

My prayer, is a way of life. It comes five times a day but the rest of the time is in preparation for the next, awareness of the passing time, remembering my duty to my Creator and my responsibility to my own soul. So whatever I'm doing, I stop and put it aside, wash and stand in prayer, trying to look within, at the faults that follow me around in my life, of the evil my hands have sent forth, and seek guidance, forgiveness and escape from the evil consequences of what I may have done. 

I think of the marvels of the universe, how infinately beautiful and amazing as they are. The wonders of my own self, the physical human body and the wonders it contains. The depth and breadth of the mind, that few of us can compass and then I look to the trivial pleasures of life, the transient nature of our existence and I feel an urge to do more, to try harder, to be better than I was the day before. 

And so I bow before my Creator, acknowledging the fact that only He deserves my sincerity, my obedience and my love. All else in life, is secondary to the fact that if He hadn't chosen to create me, I would never have existed. Here I am! Here's my duty. Worship is not only prayer and fasting but the way we live, the way we speak, the way we treat people and the way we solve problems. Knowing that we weren't only Created and left to discern truth for ourselves, I adhere to the guidance given to me , to steady me on the path that leads to success in this life and the next. 

I continue in my prayer, whether well or ill, tired or wakeful, sad or hopeful, I continue, knowing that success doesn't lie in the amount of money, weapons or strenth one thinks one has, but in ones morality.


Prophet's Manner of Performing Prayers

Full Description of the Prophet Peace be upon him way of praying.

All praise be to Allah alone, and may His peace and blessings be upon His messenger and bondsman our Prophet Mohammed, his family and his companions. 

The objective of this concise pamphlet is to explain how prophet Mohammed (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to perform his prayers. I would like to present this explanation to every male and female Muslim so that they may strive to take up the Prophet's manner in performing their prayers as a model for them. It was narrated by A1 Bukhari that Prophet Mohammed (Peace and blessings of Allah be on him) had said: 

"Perform your prayers in the same manner you had seen me doing." 

Therefore, here is the explanation for the Prophet's manner of prayer: 

1. To perform completely the ablution, adopting the method commanded by Allah in the Quran: 

"O ye who believe, when ye prepare for prayer, wash your faces and your hands (and arms) to the elbows, rub your heads(with water) and (wash) your feet to the ankles."(S:6) 

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) said: "Prayer without ablution is invalid." 

2. To turn one's face and whole body towards the Ka'aba, The Holy House at Makkah, intending by heart to perform the prayer which he wants to fulfill, whether it is an obligatory prayer or a supererogatory prayer, the worshipper in all cases, should not pronounce his intention openly, because neither the Prophet nor his companions used to utter the intention for prayer. Thus, pronouncing the intention for prayer in audible voice is a heresy and an illicit action. Whether the individual be an Imam or performs his prayer individually, he should make (A Sutra) i.e. a curtain for his prayer. Directing the face towards the Qibla (The Ka'aba at Makkah) is an imperative condition for every prayer. However, there are few exceptions for this rule explained in authoritative books for whom who wish to refer. 

3. To pronounce "Takbirat Al Ihram" that is to say "Allahu Akbar" celebrating by that the greatness of Allah and looking meanwhile, downwards to the place where he will prostrate. 

4. To raise one's hands up to the level of the shoulders or near to the lobes of his ears, while pronouncing "Takbirat Al-Ihram". 

5. To put one's right hand over his left hand and left wrist, and put them both over his chest, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to do. 

6. It is advisable that the worshipper recite this opening supplication saying: 

"Allahumma bald bayni wa bayena khatayaya kama boadta bayena al-mashriki wal maghribi, Allahumma naqqiniy min khatayaya kama yonaqa al thawbo alabyndo min aldans.. Allahumma igysilniy min khatayaya bilmai wathalgi walbarad." 

This supplication means: "O Allah, separate me from my sins as You have separated the east and west. O Allah, cleanse me of my sins as the white rope is cleansed from dirt. O Allah, wash off my sins with water, snow and hail." 

Or, may say instead: "Sobhanaka Allahumma wa bihamdika wa~abaraka Ismoka wata'la jaddoka wala ilaha ghayroka" 

"Praise and glory be to Allah. Blessed be Your Name, exalted be Your Majesty and Glory. There is no god but You." 

Or he may say any other supplications which the Prophet, (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) used to say in his prayers. It is better to recite these supplications alternately, the first one in the morning prayer "Fajr", the second in the noon prayer "Zuhr", each one by turn. in conformity with what the Prophet used to do. 

After reciting the opening supplication, the worshipper says: "Aouzo billahi min al-shaytani-r-ragim"

Which means: "I seek protection of Allah against the accursed Satan." 

Then says: "Bism illahi-Rahmani Raheem" 

Which means: "In the name of Allah, the All Merciful, the All Compassionate." 

and recites the Fatiha (The opening Sura of the glorious Quran). Prophet Mohammed, may peace and blessings be upon him, said: 

"Prayer without reciting the Fatiha is invalid". 

The worshipper should say "A'meen" after reciting the Fatiha loudly if the prayer is said loudly, and whisper it in inaudible prayers. To be in conformity with the traditions of the Prophet, the worshipper is advised to recite verses from medium size Suras of the Quran in the Zuhr (noon), Asr (late afternoon), and Isha (night) prayers. As for the Fajr (morning) prayer, the worshipper is advised to recite a passage from the long Suras of the Quran. He has the choice in Maghrib prayer (Evening prayer) either to recite passages from the long Suras or from the short Suras 6 of the Quran. 

7. Then, the worshipper bows in "Ruku" raising his hands up to the level of his shoulders or ears while saying "Allahu Akbar" "Allah is Great" then bends down, making his head and back on one level and putting his hands with the fingers spread on his knees. The worshipper should feel serenity and tranquillity while bowing, he should say thrice at least: "Subhana Rabbiayl A'zim" 

Which means: "Glory be to my Lord, the Almighty." 

It is advisable to say while bowing in addition to that: "Subhanak-Allahumma Rabbana wa bi hamdika, Allahumma Ighfir liy" 

Which means: "Glory be to Thee, O Allah, and I praise Thee, forgive me my sins." 

8. To raise one's head up from bowing, raising one's hands to the level of his shoulders or ears, saying, in case of being Imam or praying alone: "Sami'a Allahu liman hamidah" 

Which means: "Allah listens to him who praises Him" 

While resuming the standing position, he should say: "Rabbana wa laka al hamdu hamdan katheera'n tayyiban mobarakan feehiy mil'a ssamawati wa mila alardhi wa mil'a ma baynahoma wa mil'a ma Shita min shiyin ba'ad" 

This supplication means: "Our Lord, praise be fore Thee only, praises plentiful and blessed as to fill the heavens, the earth, what in between, and fill that which will please Thee besides them." 

But if the worshipper is a follower, and led in his prayer by the Imam he should say when rising up "Rabbana wa lake alhamd... etc. 

It is advisable for the Imam, the follower, or who prays alone to add also: "You Allah who deserve all praises and all glory, your praising is the best and most true of whatever Your servant can say, we all are Your servants, Our Lord, no one can ever deprive aught of what You have bestowed and no one can ever give aught of what You have deprived." 

The worshipper is advised to put his hands on his chest, as he had done before he bowed. Both Wa'il Ibn Haggar and Sahl Ibn Sai'yd reported that this was the manner of the Prophet when he used to raise his head up after bowing. 

9. To prostrate saying "Allahu Akbar" "Allah is Great". He should touch the ground with his knees before touching it with his hands, if that is possible to him. If not, he is permitted to touch the ground by his hand before his knees. His fingers and toes should be directed towards the Qibla Makkah, and his hands should be stretched, and the fingers close together and not separated. In prostration, the worshipper should use these seven organs: 

The forehead, the nose, both hands, both knees and the internal parts of the toes. 

These seven organs should touch the ground. Then the worshipper should say thrice or more: "Subhana Rabbiyal A'ala" 

Which means: "Glorified is my Lord, the Exalted." 

It is advisable to say: "Subhanaka Allahuma Rabbana wa bi hamdika, Allahuma Ighfir-liy." 

This means: "Glory be to Thee, Our Lord, and I praise Thee. Our Lord, forgive me my sins." 

It is recommendable for the worshipper to exceed more and more in supplications and ask for more from his Lord, because the Prophet, may peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said: "As for bowing "Ruku" you should glorify your Lord during performing it, as for prostration, you should do your best to supplicate and ask for more from Him, because your supplications during prostration are more worthy to be accepted." 

The worshipper should ask his Lord for prosperity both in this worldly life and in the Hereafter. Whether it is an obligatory prayer or an optional prayer, the worshipper, while prostrating, should neither bring his hands close to his sides, nor stick his abdomen to his thighs, or his thighs to his legs. The worshipper's arms should be raised up from the ground because the Prophet, may peace and blessings of Allah be on him, prohibited putting the arms and stretching them on the ground, ordering that "adjust your prostration, keep straight in it, and stretch not your hands on the ground as dogs do." 

10. He should raise his head from prostration saying: "Allahu Akbar" and lays his left foot Jlat on the ground and sits upon it, keeping his right foot erected, his hands on his thighs and knees, and says: "O my Lord, forgive me, have mercy on me, guide me, provide me with your blessings and console me." 

The worshipper should feel tranquillity during this pause. 

11. To prostrate again saying "Allahu Akbar" and repeating during his prostration what he did and said in the first prostration. 

12. Then the worshipper raises his head saying "Allahu Akbar" taking a pause similar to the pause between the two prostration; this is called "the pause for rest." It is recommended for the worshipper to do such a pause, but there is no sin if he desists from it. Then the worshipper rises up and stands supporting on his knees, or on the ground if he cannot support himself on the knees, reads the Fatihah (The opening Sura of the glorious Quran) and some other verses of the Quran and do as just as he did in the first Rakaah (unit of prayer). Those who pray behind the Imam should not compete with him in the prayer actions as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: 

Which means: 

The Imam is to be followed, if he says: "Allahu Akbar" which means "Allah is Great" then say the same after him. If he bows in "Ruku" bow after him. If he says "Samia-l-lahu liman hamidah" which means "Allah hears him who praises Him", then say: "Rabbana wa laka-l-hamd" which means "Our Lord! All praises are for Thee"; and if he prostrates, then prostrate after him". (Bukhari V:1 P.37) 

13. If the prayer consists of two Rakaat (two units of prayer) as the morning prayer "Fajr", Feast prayer "Eid", or the Friday prayer "Jumu'a", the worshipper sits after the second prostration, with his right foot erect, sitting on his left foot laid down, putting his right hand on his right thigh, all his fingers close-fisted save the index finger which he uses to point out as a sign for his monotheistic belief, and his left hand is put on his left thigh. There is nothing in the way, if the worshipper keeps both the little and ring fingers closed, while rounding his thumb and middle finger in a ring-shape, and uses his index finger to point out as a sign for his monotheistic belief. It has been related that the Prophet, may peace and blessings of A1lah be on him, had practiced both of these ways, thus, it is advisable for the worshipper to perform the first way once and the other on the second time. 

The worshipper reads the Tashahud while sitting and says: 

"Al-tahiyatu lilahi wasalawatu watayibatu Assalamu alayha ayuha-n-nabiyu wa rahmat-u-llahi wa barakatuhu. Assalamu alayina wa ala ibadi-l-lahi-s-salalihiyn. Ashadu ala ilaha ila lahu wa ashadu anna Muhammadan abdoho wa raswuloh. Allahuma salliy ala Muhammad wa ala aali Muhamad, kama salayata ala Ibrahima wa aali Ibrahim. Inaka Hamidon Majid. Wa barik ala Mohammad wa ala aali Muhammad kama barkta ala Ibrahima wa aali Ibrahima. Inaka Hamidon Majid." 

This means: "Greetings, prayers and the good things of life belong to Allah. Peace, mercy and blessing of Allah be on you, O Prophet. May peace be upon us and on the devout slaves of Allah. I testify that there is no god but Allah and I testify that Mohammed is His slave and messenger. O Allah, bless Mohammed and his family as You blessed Ibrahim and his family. You are the Most Praised, The Most glorious. O Allah, bestow Your grace on Mohammed and his family as You bestwoed it on lbrahim and his family. You are the Most Praised, The Most Glorious." 

After reciting the Tashahud, the worshipper asks Allah's protection from four evils, he should say: 

"My Lord, I ask your protection from torment of the Hell, torment of the grave the trials in life time and after death, and from the impostor Antichrist." The worshipper may ask Allah for prosperity in this worldly life and in the Hereafter, supplicate Allah to bestow His favors on his parents and other Muslims. He could do this in both obligatory and optional prayers. It has been reported by Ibn Massoud that the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, taught him how to recite the Tashahud and told him that the worshipper should invoke Allah and ask Him for the more beloved wishes which he likes, or, as it has been related in other wordings, the worshipper should ask Allah for whatever he wishes. In this manner, the servant can ask Allah for all the prosperity of this worldly life and the life to come. The worshipper terminates his prayer by turning his face to the right saying: 

"As-salamu alai kum wa rahmatu Allah" and to the left saying this salutation which means "Peace and mercy of Allah be on you." 

14. In case of a three Rakaat prayer (prayer consisting of three units) as that of Maghrib prayer, (evening prayer), or a four Rakaat prayer like that of noon prayer (Zuhr), Asr prayer (late afternoon prayer) or, Isha prayer (night prayer), the worshipper stands up after reciting the Tashahud according to the manner stated before, and raises his hands up to the level of his shoulders saying (Allahu Akbar). The worshipper puts his hands over his chest as it had been explained before, and recites only the Fatiha. There is no objection if he adds to the Fatiha some other verses of the Quran while performing the third or fourth Rakaat (units of prayer) of noon prayer (Zuhr), because this was stated to be one of the manners adopted by the Prophet, may peace and blessings of Allah be on him, according to the tradition reported by Abi Saied. 

After the third Rakaah of Maghrib prayer (evening prayer), and the fourth Rakaah of Zuhr (noon), Asr (afternoon) and Isha (night) prayers, the worshipper recites the Tashahud and terminates his prayers by saying: 

"Assalamu-alaikum wa rahmatu Allah" 

while turning first to the right, and second to the left as it has been explained before. 

It is not an obligatory duty, but it is a recommendable prophetic tradition to invoke Allah after terminating the prayer by asking Him forgiveness thrice and saying before turning one's face towards his followers if he is the Imam: 

"O Allah, Thou art peace and from Thee is peace, Thou art blessed, O possessor of Glory and Honour." 

It is advisable for the worshipper to say: 

"There is no god but Allah. He is the One. He has no partner. His is the dominion and to Him alone is the praise. He has power over all things. O Lord, none may withhold what You have given and none may give what You have withheld and the riches cannot avail a wealthy person with Thee. There is no might or power except by the support of Allah, There is no god but Allah and we do not worship but Him alone. To Him alone belong all bounties, to Him alone belong all grace, and to Him worthy praise is accorded. There is no god but Allah, to Whom we are sincere in devotion, even though the unbelievers may detest it." 

It is also advisable to the worshipper to extol Allah 33 times by saying (Subhana Allah). Praise Him by saying (Al Hamdu El-Allah) 33 times also by saying "Allahu Akbar" and the worshipper completes his supplications to be one hundred by saying once: 

"There is no god but Allah. He is the One. He has no partner. His is the dominion and to Him alone is the praise. He has power over all things." 

The worshipper adds to that the recitation of the verse of the Throne "Ayat Al-Kursiy", Surat Al-Ikhlas, Surat El-Falaq, and Surat Al-Nas. It is recommendable to recite these Suras thrice after the Fajr prayer (Morning prayer), and the Maghrib prayer (evening prayer) because this was reported to be one of the traditions of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him. As it had been stated before, all these after prayer supplications are optional and not obligatory. 

Every Muslim, whether be male or female, is recommended to pray 12 Rakaat of supererogatory prayers every day: four of these Rakaat (units of prayers) are before noon prayer, two after it, two after Maghrib prayer, two after Isha (night) prayer and two before the morning prayer These super rogatory prayers are called (Rawatib) which means: "Certain supererogatory exercises of optional prayers." The Prophet peace and blessings of Allah be on him, preserved the performance of these optional prayers 

wherever he settled. During his travels, he used to practice the two optional Rakaat before the morning prayer and also the Witr prayer (after the Isha prayer). There is no objection to perform these optional prayers in the mosque, but it is better to perform it at home, because the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said "The best of the prayers are those which are furfilled at one's own home, with exception to obligatory prayers which should be performed in congregation at the mosque." 

Observance of fulfilling these optional prayers is a means for gaining admission to paradise. The Prophet, may peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said: "Whoever prays optionally twelve Rakoat every one day and night, Allah will reward him by an established dwelling in the paradise. " 

It is also advisable to the Muslim to pray four optional Rakaat before Asr prayer (afternoon prayer), two before Maghrib prayer (evening prayer), and two before Isha prayer (night prayer), because this manner was reported to be one of the traditions of the Prophet. Allah, the Almighty says: "Ye have indeed in the Messenger of Allah an excellent exemplar" (33:21). 

And the Prophet (May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: "Perform your prayer in the same manner as you had seen me doing." 

Allah is He Who is Able to render us success and prosperity, and may Allah give His blessings and peace to our Prophet Mohammed son of Abdellah, his family, his companions and whoever follows his way till doomsday. 

President of
Supreme Head Office for Religious Researches, Ifta, Call and Guidance Departments. 

(Shiekh Abdul Aziz Abdullah Bin Baz May Allah bless him )

Prayer in Islam

  Prayer in Islam, is worship of Allah the Almighty, Praising and Thanking Him, acknowledging His Sovereignty and committing oneself to obey and remember Him at all times. It is the central part of a way of life, which is based on submission to the Owner of all.  
The Muslim must seek to remember Allah at all times. He must be mindful that everything he is, everything he does, everything he knows and understands, is due to the Mercy of Allah. In acknowledging this, he remembers the fact that death lies in wait and he does not know when he will depart from this worldly life.

Five times a day, he stands in prayer. Focusing all his thoughts on the Creator. He praises, thanks and acknowledges the Greatness of Allah and seeks His forgiveness. His sins pass before his consciousness and render him humble before the Majesty of the One who owns all things, including the Day of Judgement. He stands, conscious that Allah Sees Him at all times and that in prostration he is the closest to His Maker.

The Muslim realizes that the Angel of death could be behind him at any time, that Jannah (Paradise) lies on his right and the fire of hell is on his left. The truth of his actions and their consequences are unknown to him and as he prayers, his heart is moved by sincere intent to strive harder, work more, study more, forgive more and share more.

He comes out of the state of prayer, feeling renewed; more determined to use what remains of his time in the most beneficial way. An angry shout or unkind word, stops on the same lips that recite the Qu'ran and remembers Allah. Hands reaching forth in greed and hate, retreat to find better solutions. Hasty careless words, dismal thoughts and attitudes disappear beneath the light that shrouds the mind of the one who prays because of their love and fear of Allah.

Praying Fajr reflects how much you love Allah the Almighty

The happiness of that guy was tremendous when a well-known company accepted him to work for it. He was over the moon as he was the only accepted candidate. 

He signed the contract that implies that he should agree on respecting the company working hours, delivering weekly reports about his work and activities, and accepting to be punished for any delinquency ..... read more

Soon later, the guy met his manager and said to him, "From tomorrow onwards, I will not come in time. And I will not deliver my weekly reports in time either; instead they will be delayed for a while. In spite of all that, I will not allow you to punish me, and you don't have the right to kick me out from work." 

If we imagine such a situation, we will laugh at the behaviour of that guy. No-one will see him but an insane and a fool person. How come can someone want to take his rights whereas he is not committed to his own obligations?! 

So, why most of us do the same strange action or even worse?
(As we commit a worse sin against the Law of Allah the Almighty.) How can a sane person allow himself to enjoy all Allah's graces: such as food, drink, clothes and life pleasures; whereas he doesn't offer Allah the simplest obligatory He obligates him to do, viz. Praying?!
And even if he prays, then he doesn't pray in time or he prays like a rooster (i.e. he prays too hastily and carelessly). He neither complies with his praying nor apprehends what he says. 

According to our web site visitors survey in the arabic section of that included more than 4000 persons: 
14% of them never pray Fajr in its time
16% of them rarely pray Fajr in its time
33% of them often pray Fajr in its time
35% of them always pray Fajr in its time

Subhan Allah!! (*) We are not talking about jurisprudence about which scholars disagreed or even a Sunnah that one has a choice to do or not. We are talking about ABC Islam. We are talking about praying that Allah Almighty obligates on all Muslims - whatever their conditions are. 

When Allah the Almighty ordered Muslims to pray He warned those who delay the prayer after its designated time, saying: 
"So woe to the worshippers Who are neglectful Of their prayers" [Surat Al-ma'oon 107:4-5]

The interpreters said that what is meant by this verse is delaying prayer after its designated time.They also said : "woe" is a very deep sheer black valley in Hell. Don't we believe in Allah's Words? 

A lot of Muslims nowadays neglect Fajr prayer as if they it was not there. That's why they pray it much later than its time. In addition, some of them pray it immediately before the Noon prayer. Others may never pray it even for compensation (Qaddaa). So why all this laziness against what Allah the Almighty deserves? Don't we proclaim that we love Allah the Almighty more than any thing else? Once one of us loves someone a true love, he will be willing to meet him. He may keep thinking of him most of the time. Once he has a date with him, he canNOT sleep until he meets the one he loves. So, do those lazy prayers who do not pray Fajr prayer really love Allah? Do they really respect His Orders? Are they willing to meet Him?. 

Let's imagine that a multi-millionaire offered one of his employees $1000 every day, just on one condition, viz. the employee must call daily at his employer's house in the morning as to wake him up then leave. Such a simple task may take the employee 10 minutes only. This marvellously generous offer will be valid as long as the employee keeps awaking his employer regularly. On the other hand, this offer will be cancelled permanently, and the employee will be asked to return all the money he received, if he neglects to awake his employer once without an excuse. 

So, if you, my Muslim brother, were that employee , will you neglect to call at your employer's house? Won't you carefully intend to wake up daily to get the one thousand dollar? Won't you - once you failed one morning - try with all means to prove that you were truly unable to wake up?. 

Allah has the higher example, so what about you my dear brother towards your Lord, Allah the Almighty? He is the ONLY ONE who gives you your means of living and who bestowed you with every thing, whose blessings on you are utterly much more than millions of dollars daily. It is Him Who says: 
"...if you try to count the blessings of Allah , you will fail...." [Surat Ibrahim: 14 : 34]

Doesn't this Lord, the The Most Merciful, the Most Generous deserve that you wake up for Him every morning at about 5.30 a.m. so as to thank Him just in 5 or 10 minutes for His great blessings and his generous favours? 

 The judgement against those who neglect praying Fajr Prayer in time: 
Allah the Almighty says:
"...for such prayers are enjoined on Believers at stated times." [Surat Annesaa: 4 : 103]
Islam is a comprehensive way of life… It is like an agreement between The Great Lord and His humble servant. According to this agreement, the servant commits to certain obligations before Allah. With respect to these obligations, Allah would grant the servant rights and privileges. It is insensible that you agree to this contract, then, soon afterwards, you do whatever you like and neglect whatever you do not like. Allah Almighty says in the Quran: 
" O ye who believe! Enter into Islam whole-heartedly; and follow not the footsteps of the Evil One; for he is to you an avowed enemy." [Surat Al-baqara: 2 : 208]
The interpreters said: this means to accept Islam with all its legislation and rules. Allah got exasperated with the people of Israel when they performed what they liked from His religion and neglected the rest. That's why He addresses them saying: 
"…Then is it only a part of the Book that ye believe in, and do ye reject the rest? But what is the reward for those among you who behave like this but disgrace in this life? And on the Day of Judgment they shall be consigned to the most grievous penalty. For Allah is not unmindful of what ye do." [Surat Al-baqara: 2 : 85]
As far as one's punctuality on attending prayers is considered, The Prophet (peace be upon him) sees those who do not punctually attend Fajr (dawn) and Ishaa (night) Salat in congregation as being sheer hypocrites "Munafeqeen". So what do you think of those who do not pray Fajr at all, neither in congregation nor alone (at home)? 

The Prophet (pbuh) said: "There is no prayer more difficult to attend for hypocrites than Fajr and Ishaa. And if they knew what's in them (i.e. the good reward - thawab) they would attend them even if they had to come crawling." (Narrated by Bukhari) 

Allah Almighty mentions that He disavows whosoever neglects the obligatory Salat. Besides, The Prophet (pbuh) said: "Do not ever leave Salat on purpose because whoever does so then he is disavowed by Allah and His Messenger." (Narrated by Imam Ahmad) 
So do you like, Oh Muslim brother and sister, for the closest one to you to disavow you? So how do you neglect the Salat and cause Allah to be disavow you? what have I to do? 
Every one us should set an alarm clock to wake him for Fajr Salat daily. 

We should give Salat its status in our lives, and we should discipline our jobs according to the Salat regular times. (Unfortunately, we simply do the opposite!) 

We should sleep early and wake up for Fajr and then leave for work. Soon after Fajr, Allah distributes people's sustenance (Arzaq). 

Each one of us should seek a good companionship that would call to wake him at Fajr Salat. Moreover, they would help one another to adhere to such a good deed. 

We should keep on saying our nightly Duaa (that we say just after before going to sleep) asking Allah to help us do our Salat. 

To feel guilty if we missed a single obligatory Salat. Furthermore, we should vow never to repeat this big sin. 
May Allah make us all be among those who truly love Him. May He give us sincerity in both words and deeds. (Amen) Finally, whatever is right in this article then it is a gift from Allah. And whatever mistakes or shortcomings then they are due to myself or Shytan (Satan). 

** Written By:
A member of the team work in IANA. 

(*) Subhan Allah!!: This is an Islamic way of exclamation.

Fajr Prayer

  The fajr (dawn) prayer is amongst the most important acts of worship, being one of the five obligatory prayers. Unfortunately many of us have become so used to missing it at its prescribed time – which ends at sunrise - that we have forgotten its position in our religion, and barely feel anything is wrong when we wake up in the morning for work or school without having performed the fajr prayer. On the other hand, if one of us was to miss a job interview or a flight, we all know how disappointed he or she would feel. Therefore I thought I’d prepare this article as a reminder to myself first, then to all my brothers and sisters.

Muslims should know the great status of fajr in the sight of Allah. Allah (SWT) says (interpretation of the meaning) “Establish regular prayers at the sun's decline till the darkness of the night, and the recital of the Qur’an in the fajr prayer, for the recital of the fajr is witnessed” (Al-Israa 17:78) In addition, the Prophet (PBUH) said: “Whoever prays the fajr prayer in congregation, it is as if he (or she) had prayed the whole night long.” [Muslim & Tirmidhi]. Now, to show the seriousness of missing this prayer, we present the Hadeeth of the Prophet (PBUH) “The most burdensome prayers for the hypocrites are ishaa and fajr, but if they only knew what they contain, they would come even if they had to crawl.” [Ahmad]
The practical aspect of dealing with the problem includes a number of steps which we can take in order to get used to praying fajr regularly in congregation:
Having a sincere intention and being determined, when going to sleep, that you will get up for fajr 

Remembering Allaah as soon as you wake up. Allah's Apostle (PBUH) said, "During your sleep, Satan knots three knots at the back of the head of each of you, and he breathes the following words at each knot, 'The night is long, so keep on sleeping.' If that person wakes up and remembers Allah, then one knot is undone. When he (or she) performs ablution (wudu) the second knot is undone. And when he (she) prays, all the knots are undone, and he (she) gets up in the morning lively and in a good mood, otherwise he (she) gets up dull and gloomy." [Bukhary] 

Sleeping early. According to an authentic Hadeeth, the Prophet (PBUH) used to dislike sleeping before ishaa and talking after it. The kind of talk that is discouraged in this case, as the commentators explain, is that in which there is no clear benefit. However, if it is for good reason, such as studying, speaking to a guest, or spending time with one’s family, then there is nothing wrong with it. This has no connection with the reasons for which many people stay up late nowadays, to do wrong and commit sins. 

Family members should encourage one another, and likewise roommates sharing the same apartment. 

If you know a friend who normally wakes up on time, ask him or her to give you a call at prayer time. I have been using this technique on and off for quite some time now, and have found it to be extremely effective. 

If you find that you switch off the alarm clock then go back to sleep, you might want to place it a few feet from your bed. This way you will actually have to get up and walk to the clock in order to turn it off. 

Try using an alarm clock with the snooze feature. 

Avoid eating too much before going to bed. Overeating makes you fall into a deep, heavy sleep. 

Finally, true devotion to Allah is the best thing to motivate a person to get up for prayer, because Allah alone controls all means of help. I ask Allah Almighty to facilitate this prayer for us, and to guide us to what pleases Him. 

Reference: Parts of this article are from Problems and Solutions by Sh. Muhammad Al-Munajjid. The book in its entirety, in both Arabic and English, can be found at

Important quotes regarding Salaah 

by: Abu Rumaysah 

After ar-Rabi` bin Khaytham became partially paralyzed, he used to go to the mosque helped by two men. He was told: 

"O AbuYazid! You have been given permission to pray at home." He said, "You have said the truth, but I heard the caller hearld, 'Hayya `ala al-Falah (Come to success)', and I thought that whoever hears this call should answer it even by crawling." [Hilyat al Awliya 2/113] 

Ali bin Al Fudayl said, "I saw ath-Thawri went into Sujud while praying, and I performed Tawaf around the House seven times before he raised his head from Sujud." [As Siyar 7/277] 

For forty years, the Adhan was never called but Sa`id bin al-Musayyab radhiallahu `anhu was in the mosque before it was called. [Tabaqat al Hanabilah 1/141, Hilyat al Awliya 2/163, Sifat as Safwah 2/80]

`Umar became unconscious after he was stabbed, and according to Al Miswar bin Makhramah, it was said: "Nothing would wake him up except the call to prayer, if he is still alive." They said to him, "The prayer has finished, O Chief of the Faithful!" He woke up and said, "The prayer, by Allah! Verily, there is no share in Islam for whoever abandons the prayer." He performed the prayer while his wound was bleeding. [Sifat as Safwah 2/131, As Siyar 5/220]

Adi bin Hatim, radhiallahu `anhu, said: "Every time the prayer time falls, it falls while I am eager for it and ready to perform it (i.e. having wudu)." [Az Zuhd by Ahmad, p. 249] 

Abu Bakr bin Abdullah al Muzani said: "Who is like you, O son of Adam? Whenever you wish, you use water to make Ablution, go to the place for worship and thus enter the presence of your Lord (i.e. start praying) without a translator/barrier or a barrier between you and Him!" [Al Bidayah wa an Nihayah 9/256]

Abu Rajaa al `Ataridi, "Nothing that I leave behind grieves me, except that I wouldn´t be able to bow down on my face five times a day before my Lord, the Exalted and Most Honored." [Hilyat al Awliya 2/306]

Abu Al Aliyah said, "I would travel for days to meet a man and the first thing I would notice about him is his prayer. If he would establish the prayer perfectly and on time, I would stay with him and hear the knowledge he had. If I found him to be careless concerning the prayer, I would leave him and say to myself that for things other than the prayer, he would be even more careless." 

When Ali bin Al Husain used to perform Wudu, his color would change. His family asked him why this happened to him every time he performed Ablution, he sid, "Do you know before Whom I am about to stand (in prayer)?"

Yazid bin Abdullah was asked, "Should we make a roof for our mosque?" He said, "Purify your hearts and your mosque will be sufficient for you." [Hilyat al Awliya 2/312]

Adi bin Hatim, radhiallahu `anhu said, "Ever since I became Muslim, I always made sure to have Wudu when the Adhan is called." [As Siyar 3/160]

Ubayd bin Ja`far said, "I never saw my uncle Bishr bin Masnur miss the first takbir, and whenever any person stood up in our mosque to ask people for help, my uncle gave him something." [Sifat as Safwah 3/376] 

Ibn Sama`ah said, "For forty years, I only missed Takbir Tahrimah (initial takbeer) when my mother died." [As Siyar 10/646]

"If you know of a man's disinterest in Takbir Tahrimah, then wash your hands of him." [As Siyar 5/65, Sifat as Safwah 3/88]

Sufyan bin `Uyaynah, "Honoring the prayer includes coming before the Iqamah is recited." [Sifat as Safwah 2/235]

Maymun bin Mahran came to the mosque late and when he was told that the peple had already finished the prayer, he said, "We all belong to Allah and to Him shall be our return! I prefer the congregational prayer to being the governor of Iraq." [Mukashafat al Qulub p 364]

Yunus bin Abdullah said, "What is the matter with me? When I lose a chicken I feel concerned, but when I miss the prayer in congregation, it does not grieve me." [Hilyat al Awliya, 3/19] 

`Umar said, while standing on the podium, "A man might have white hair in Islam (i.e. reaches in old age while Muslim), yet has not completed even one prayer for Allah, the Exalted!" He was asked, "Why is that?" He said, "He does not perfect the prayer's required Khushu`, solemness and attending to Allah with his heart." [Al-Ihya 10/202]

Hammad bin Salamah said, "I have never stood up for prayer without imagining that Jahannam is before my eyes." [Tadhkirat al Huffadh 1/219]

Mu`adh bin Jabal advised his son, "My son! Pray the prayer of he who is just about to leave and imagine that you might not be able to pray ever again. Know that the believer dies between two good deeds, one that he performed and one that he intended to perform later on." [Sifat as Safwah 1/496]

Bakr al Muzani said, "If you want your prayer to be of benefit to you, say to yourself, 'I might not have a chance to perform another prayer.'"[Jami` al `Ulum wal Hikam, p 466.]

Shubrumah said, "We accompanied Karz al Harithi on a journey. Whenever he wanted to set camp in an area, he used to scan it with his eyes and when he found a good piece of land that he liked, he would go to it and pray there until it was time to leave." [Sifat as Safwah 3/120] 

Al Qasim bin Muhammad said, "Whenever I went out in the morning, I used to visit `Aishah radhiallahu `anha (his aunt and the wife of the Prophet, sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) and greet her. One day I found her performing Ad Duha prayer, reciting this Ayah repeatedly, crying and invoking Allah: 'So Allah has been gracious to us, and has saved us from the torment of the Fire.' (52:27) I stood there until I felt bored, so Ileft and went to the market to do something and said to myself that when I finish what I have to do, I will go back (to `Aishah radhiallahu `anha). When I finished and went back to her, I found her still standing in prayer, reciting the same Ayah, crying and invoking Allah.'" [Al Ihya 4/436]

Maymun bin Hayyan said, "I never saw Muslim bin Yasar turning his head while praying, whether the prayer was short or long. Once, a part of the mosque came down and the noise caused fear to the people who were in the market, while he was in the mosque, did not fear nor even turn his head and kept praying." [Az Zuhd by Imam Ahmad p 359]

"I accompanied `Ata bin Rabah for eighteen yers. When he became old and weak, he used to stand in prayer and read close to two hundred Ayat from Surat al Baqarah while standing in such firmness that no part of him would move." [As Siyar 5/87, Sifat as Safwah 2/213] 

Abu Bakr bin Aiyash said, "If you saw Habib bin Abu Thabit while in Sujud, you would think that he had died because of his long prostration." [As Siyar 5/291]

Uthman bin Abi Dahrash said, "I never performed a prayer without invoking Allah afterwards to forgive me for falling into shortcomings in the way I performed it." [Tarikhu Baghdad 13/207] 

Mu`awiyah bin Murrah, "I lived during the time of seventy of the Companions of Muhammad, sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam, and had they lived among you today, they would not recognize any of your acts except the Adhan!" [Hilyat al Awliya 2/299]

Moreover, Maymun bin Mahran said, "If a man from the Salaf was resurrected among you today, he would only recognize your Qiblah."

When Hatim al Asamm was asked about his prayer, he said, "When it is near the time of prayer, I perform a perfect Wudu and go to where I am going to pray and sit down there until I become fully attentive to what I am about to do. I then stand up and pray, imagining that the Ka`bah is in front of my eyes, Paradise to my right, Hellfire to my left and the Angel of Death behind me. I imagine that it is the last prayer I am about to perform, stand up in hope (in Allah, His Paradise and rewards) and fear (from Allah's torment in Hellfire) and recite the Takbir while having full attention. I recite the Qur'an calmly, make Ruku` humbly, go into Sujud with Khushu1 and then sit on my left leg, with the left food laid on the floor and the right food raised up, all the while praying with sincerity. Afterwards, I do not know (nor feel certain) if that prayer was accepted from me!" [Al Ihya 1/179]

One of the Salaf said, "O son of Adam! You need your share in this life, but need your share in the Hereafter even more. If you took care of your share in this life, then you will lose your share in the Hereafter and are soon bound to lose your share in this life too. If you took care of your share in the Hereafter, you will also win your full share in this life with ease." [Fada'il adh Dhikr by ibn al Jawzi p. 19]

Talq bin Habib said, "Allah's Rights are greater than the slave's capacity and ability to fulfill them. Therefore, reach the morning in a state of repentance and reach the night in a state of repentance."

How to gain Khushu in Salat

By Dr. Mamdouh N. Mohamed
Associate Professor at the American Open University

What is Khushuu’?

Khushuu’ during Salaat is misunderstood by some people as crying and weeping. Rather, it is the presence of the heart during an act of ‘ibadah. When a person’s heart is fully occupied of what he says or hears, he is in a true state of khushuu’. The concept of Khushuu’ in Salaat is very essential.
1- It is a vital factor in making a person successful in this life and in later life.
“Indeed, the believers, who have khushuu’ in their Salaat, are the winners.” 
قد أفلح المؤمنون الذين هم في صلاتهم خاشعون
2-It is a contributing factor for the acceptance of Salaat.
3- It is a way to gain more rewards from the Almighty Allah; the more the 
khushuu’ a person has, the more rewards he gets.
4- Without Khushuu’ the heart cannot easily be purified.

Ways to Gain Khushuu’

A. Pre-Salaat 
1- A Muslim should know his Lord very well. Knowing whom one worships makes a person a better worshipper. Having clear and authentic knowledge about Allah increases His love in our hearts. Consequently, faith also increases. 
2- Avoiding major and minor sins is very helpful in gaining Khushuu’, as the heart becomes more receptive to the words of Allah during and after Salaat. 
3- Reciting the Qur’an frequently and consistently softens the hearts and prepares it for Khushuu’. Hard hearts do not gain Khushuu’. 
4- Minimize attachment to worldly matters. Gearing one’s intentions towards the Afterlife helps against the temptations of life. 
5- Avoid excessive laughter and useless arguments as they harden the heart and lead to heedlessness. 
6- Stop working as soon as you hear the Azaan. When you listen attentively to the call of Salaat repeat after the muˆz-zin then offer the relevant supplication. This prepares you for a smooth transition from the business with worldly matters to the business with Salaat.
7- Performing wuduuˆ immediately after hearing the Azaan prepares you for the pending Salsat. Wuduuˆ also works as a buffer zone before engaging in Salaat.
8- Going to the mosque early for praying and continuing mention of Allah drives Satan away and help gain concentration. 
9- The waiting time for the congregational Salaat helps create a buffer zone between the state of mind before Salaat and the state of during Salaat. 

B. During Salaat 
1- The Iqaamah itself is a final signal to the mind to be well prepared for performing the actual Salaat. Remember what the messenger of Allah said to Bilal (ra) “Let us enjoy the comfort of the Salaat.”
2- When you stand facing the Qiblah remember the following:
a. It might be the last Salaat in your life. There is no guarantee to live longer to catch the next Salaat. 
b. You are standing between the hands of Allah, the Lord of the worlds. How can you be busy with something else?
c. The angel of death is chasing you.
3- Do not forget to make isti’azah. It wards off Satan’s whispers. 
4- Keep your eyes focused on the place of sujuud. This helps you gain more concentration.
5- When reciting the Fatiha, try to recall the response of Allah to you after every ayah you say. (When you say: ”al-hamdu lillahi rab-bil ‘alamin) Allah responds: “My servant praised me.” etc. This feeling of speaking to Allah puts you in the right mood of khushuu’.
6- Beautifying the recitation of the Qur’an has a positive impact on the heart. 
7- Recite the Qur’an slowly and reflect upon its meaning deeply. 
8- It is recommended to change the suras that your recite from time to time to avoid the mechanic-like state of repetition.
9- Alternate between the various authentic sunan such as proclaiming a different opening supplication in every Salaat.
10- Undoubtedly, understanding Arabic helps you focus on the intended meaning.
11- Interact with the recited aayahs; 
a. if you hear an ayah about Allah, glorify Him by saying “Subhaana Allah”; 
b. If you hear an ayah about Hellfire, say “a’uuthu billaahi mina-n-naar”. 
c. If you hear a command to make istighfaar, do it.
d. If you hear an ayah that requests tasbiih, make tasbiih.

12- These forms of interactions are very helpful in keeping you focused.
13- When you prostrate, remember that this position brings you closer to Allah. Seize the opportunity to make sincere du’aaˆ. Invest these moments in making sincere supplications.

C- Post-Salaat 
e. When you make tasliim, make istighfaar to Allah as you might have made during Salaat.
f. When you praise Allah, thank Him from the bottom of your heart that you have experienced the beauty of Salaat in your heart. Getting used to this habit prepares your for the next Salaat, as you will always be eager to focus in your prayer.
g. One perfection leads to another perfection. If some one perfects his Salaat once, he would be self-motivated to continue on the same level.

May Allah fill our hearts with khushuu’ - Aameen.

Are you ready and prepared to do the funeral pray when I die

Are you ready and prepared to do the funeral pray when I die

{In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful}

My dear son:
Are you ready and prepared to do the funeral pray when I die?

It’s enough to know that our beloved prophet (PBUH) has said: «if a man dies: all of his work is terminated except three things: current sadaka (money paid for a good deed), science that is useful to people and a good son to pray for him» [Reported by Al-Nisa'ey & Classified as Sahheh By Al-Albany].

So be my son the god son of his parent, and be generous to him, because they are really hard moments, so could you send your parent then some light.

So please son, when my soul is struggling to exit my body, and my head is on your arms and chest, please don’t panic, there’s a very hard mission you have to accomplish, so don’t be confused by what you see, and don’t worry if you see me suffer and remember that if my last moments seems so painful, it was painful to the best man god ever created (our prophet). He said: «please god, help me to endure the pain of death» [Reported By Tirmizi].

So don’t make that distract you and remind me of my god when I’m like that. As the prophet said: «repeat to your dying fellows that there is no god’s but Allah» [Reported By Muslim].

So do that, so that to make these words my last words spoken, as the prophet said: «whoever said that there’s no gods but Allah as his last words; goes to heaven» [Reported By Abu-Dawood & Classifed as Saheeh By Al-Albany].

So if my soul went out of my body; please son, don’t panic and remember the prophet saying: «if something bad happened to any of you; just say: we’re made by god and to him we return, oh god, I hold this disaster with you, so help me on it and switch it to what is better for me» [Reported By Muslim].

And remember god’s presents to whom is patient:
Surah Al-Baqarah (The Cow) [verses 155,156 and 1157].

155. {And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to As-Sâbirin (the patient ones, etc.)}.

156. {Who, when afflicted with calamity, say: "Truly! To Allâh we belong and truly, to Him we shall return}

157. {They are those on whom are the Salawât (i.e. blessings, etc.) (i.e. who are blessed and will be forgiven) from their Lord, and (they are those who) receive His Mercy, and it is they who are the guided-ones}.

And be aware my son that patience is endured when you first hear about the disaster, so you have to shut whoever is screaming for me up when you hear about my death, because our prophet said: «the dead is suffering by his folks crying» [Reported By Al-Bukhary]. And said as well: «whoever his folks screamed for; would suffer by this screaming» [Reported By Al-Bukhary].

And said too: «wouldn’t be one of us whoever exaggerates in expressing his sorrow by tearing his clothes or hitting his cheeks or wishes out loud what the Ignorant before Islam was wishing» [Reported By Ibn-Majah & Tirmizi and Classified as Saheeh By Al-Albany].

And hurry up my son closing my eyes and don’t say then anything but the good things, because the prophet once entered abi-salama’s house when he’s dying and close his eyes, and when he did that the women screamed out so the prophet shut them up and said: «if the soul went out the eyes follow it, and the angels attend the moment of death and emphasize what his folks say». Then he said: «oh god, please raise abi-salama’s degree higher and make others follow his foot steps and forgive us and him at doomsday» [Reported By Muslim].

My beloved son:
Your mission is not accomplished yet, so don’t grieve and cry but you have to hurry to take my clothes off while the organs, elbows and knees are still flexible, so that you don’t have to tear the clothes off of me if the limbs are stiffed.

So after you do that, cover me with a sheet that can cover all my body and face, waiting for the moment to wash me and put me in my coffin.

My dear son:
Do you know how to wash me? Because I don’t want anybody else to do that job, although I know that it’d be so hard on you, but who else should do that critical job?, so you have to be trained prepared for that job, so first soften the joints if they’re stiffed so that you can wash me, then lift my head a little bit like I’m sitting, then press gently with your hands on my stomach until what was about to come out from there comes out, and pour a lot of water on my genitals to wash out all the exits.

And remember to do all that keeping the cover on my genitals to prevent anybody to see them including you.

And don’t be disgusted if something smelly came out of me because it’d not be my fault as I never wanted to hurt you by any mean.

Then you have to roll a piece of cloth on your hands to clean the genitals under the cover, that piece of cloth should be thick so that you can’t feel the size of the genitals. If you’re done doing that move to other parts of the body and start by the “wodo’a” and the right limb first, as the prophet said: ”start with the right limbs and the places of “wodo’a” on it”.

So start my son by “wodo’a” like I’m preparing myself to pray except that you don’t put water into my mouth or nose, however you should wet a piece of cloth to wash my teeth and my nose. 

Then move to the rest of the body and start with the right parts, so wash the right part of the neck then the whole right part of the body: chest, side, thigh, leg and foot. Then turn me on my left side and do what you did with the right part. Do that three times and make the third time with “kafour”.

So if you’re done washing me; dry me up before putting me in the coffin.

Do you know my son how to put me in my coffin?
You have to dress me 3 white clothes. because the prophet (PBUH) said: «be dressed in white, as it’s the best of what you have, and coffin your dead people in it too» [Reported By Abu-Dawood & Classified as Saheeh By Al-Albany].

Another reason is that the prophet (PBUH) had been coffined in three white clothes.

So you should spread these three rolls of white cloth, and put it under my body, so that my body is in the centre of these sheets, and spread it from both sides while I’m laying on my back and my arms are close to my sides.

Then you should fold the left side of the sheet on my right side, and then fold the right side of the sheet on my left side. That’s for the inner sheet, so do the same with the second and the third sheets.

Then collect the excess cloth at my head and at my feet, and tie it from the head and from the feet, and tie the centre of the coffin so that my body is tightly attached to the coffin (the sheets), and when you’re done doing that call someone to help you lifting my body to where people can pray for my soul.

But be aware that if your mother, sisters and other women who came to console your mother wanted to pray for me, they should pray before lifting me, as they shouldn’t follow the funeral march, and then carry my body to where people can do the prayer.

Do you know son what to do at the prayer?
You should gather the sincere Muslims who believe that Allah is the only god and whom their faith is true, gather 100 of them and exert your best effort to gather them, because god will forgive me thanks to them.

As the prophet said: «every dead man, woman or child that a group of (100) Muslims pray for him, god will forgive him thanks to them» [Reported By Ibn-Majah & Classified as Saheeh By Al-Albany].

Ibn-Abbas the great teacher of this nation once lost a son in a place called kadid or asfan, so he called some guy and told him to gather people, so the guy went out and managed to gather a number of people and told him that what he did, Ibn-Abbas asked him are they around 40 men? The guy said yes, so Ibn-Abbas said carry my son’s dead body out now, as I heard the prophet (PBUH) saying: «every Muslim dies having 40 men-who don’t believe in other gods but Allah-walking in his funeral; god will forgive him thanks to them» [Reported By Muslim].

And make sure to gather enough persons to form several rows behind me (not less than 3 rows) when they pray, as the prophet (PBUH) said: «whoever had 3 rows praying for his soul; he guaranteed heaven» [Reported By Al-Tirmizi & Classified as hasan By Al-Albany].

And be my son in the front of all these rows, stand against my chest, and say “Allah akbar” (which is a takbira) to start the funeral prayer which contains 4 takbira.

Make the first takbira then read (Surah Al-Fatihah). 


Then make the second takbira and pray for the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) saying: “Allahum salli a’ala Muhammad, wa a’ala a’aly Muhammad, kama salleita a’ala Ibrahim, wa a’ala a’aly Ibrahim, ennaka hamidon majeed, Allahum barek a’ala Muhammad, wa a’ala a’aly Muhammad, kama barakta a’ala Ibrahim, wa a’ala a’aly Ibrahim, ennaka hamidon majeed”.

*that’s a prayer to god to bless the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) the way he blessed the prophet Ibrahim and to be generous to him as well.

Then make the third takbira and pray for the dead man, and say: “Allahum ighfer ly hayena wa mayetana, wa saghirana wa kabirana, wa zakarana wa onthana, wa shahedana wa gha’ebana, Allahum man ahyeaytaho menna fa’ahyehi a’ala al’eman, wa man tawafaytoho menna fatawafihi a’ala al’eslam, Allahum la tahrimna ajrahu wala tafotna ba’adaho”

*that’s a prayer to god saying: “Oh god please forgive our living and dead ones, our young and old ones, our males and females, who with us now and who isn’t, please god if one of us should live, so make him live with faith, and if one of us should die make him die on Islam, please god don’t deprive us from this prayer compensation, and don’t let us without guidance”.

Then pray for me in your own words, and pray sincerely hoping that god would forgive me, and ask people to be sincere as well, as the prophet (PBUH) said: «if you pray the funeral prayer; be sincere praying for the dead» 

Then make the fourth takbira and pray for the dead too.

Then carry me my son to my first house in the after life, to my grave, and don’t you ever walk slowly as the prophet (PBUH) said: «make the funeral march fast, if the dead is a good person; it would be better to hurry him to his good compensation, and if he was a bad person; it would be better for you to move this burden away from your necks» [Reported By Al-Bukhary].

So if you arrive to my grave, you should put me inside my grave as it will be the last time you see my body, and don’t forget to say while your putting my into the grave: “besmellah, wa bellah, wa a’ala mellati rasoolellah “. 

*that’s a prayer to god saying: “in the name of Allah, and by Allah power, and by the religion of the prophet”

And you should put me gently on the grave ground, and put my right side at the direction of el-kibla, then untie the threads you tied on my coffin before, and put my cheek on the dust hoping that god may forgive me.

Then close my grave and fill it with dust, and when you’re done, stand my son in front of the grave and call people to stand with you and ask god to forgive me.

And don’t you ever make a mourning ceremony because the prophet didn’t do it, as it also distract people from standing in front of my grave and ask god to give me mercy and forgiveness.

When the prophet (PBUH) finishes burying the dead, he stood in front of his grave and said: «ask forgiveness for your brother, and ask persistency on the right things for him, he’s now being asked» [Reported By Abu-Dawood & Classified as Saheeh By Al-Albany].

And this situation is the last one I deal with you, so stand as long as you wish and then leave me in the dust and turn that page behind you. And take a good care of this family which became apart from me because of death, so take a good care of your mother, brothers and sisters and be like a father to them all.

And don’t forget my dear son when you’re facing the world to pray and repeat: “please god, forgive my parents as they brought me well”. 

Written by 
Sa’id Muhammad el-sawoah

God forgive him, his parents and all other Muslims


Status of Eid prayer in Islam

Status of Eid prayer in Islam 

The Eid Prayer is wajib (obligatory) according to the majority of scholars. The Prophet (peace be upon him) performed it consistently and commanded all the people to go out for it. 

He (peace be upon him) even specifically commanded all of the women to attend; Umm `Atiyyah (may Allah be please with her) narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) commanded: 
Let the free women, the virgins, and the menstruating women go out to attend the Eid prayer, and witness the good and the supplications of the believers. As for the menstruating women, they should stay away from the musalla. (i.e., should not participate in the prayer itself). 

Sheikhul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said: "... Thus we lean towards the opinion that Salatul-Eid is fard `Ayn (individual obligation) on each individual. This is the opinion of Abu Hanifah and others, and is one of the two reported opinions of ash-Shafi`i and of the school of Ahmad. The opinion held by some people, that it is not wajib, it is extremely unlikely, because it is one of the greatest rites of Islam; more people gather for it than for Friday; and the Takbir has been legislated for its sake. The opinion of those who say that it is fard kifayah (communal obligation) is unjustified..." 

Ash-Shawkani said: "Note that the Prophet (peace be upon him) consistently performed this prayer on every Eid, never neglecting it. He commanded the people to go out for it; he even commanded the free women, the virgins, and the menstruating women to go out, instructing the latter to refrain from praying, in order for all of them to witness this good and the Muslims' supplications. He (peace be upon him) further commanded the woman who did not own a jilbab (outer overall garment for women) to borrow her friend's. 

All of this proves that this prayer is wajib on every individual, not only a kifayah obligation. Commanding the people to go out for it entails the command to perform the prayer (for those who have no excuse). This is the content of his (peace be upon him) address, because going out is a means for performing the prayer (an end); if the means is obligatory, then the end is. And this obligation applies to men even more so that women. 
Further evidence is that it overrides the Friday prayer when both occur on the same day. That which is not wajib cannot override that which is. 

Furthermore, it is confirmed that the Prophet (peace be upon him) performed it consistently in Jama`ah (congregation) from the time that it was legislated until he died. To this is added his command to people to go out for it." 

Commenting on the Hadith of Umm `Atiyyah, our sheikh al-Albani states: "The Prophet's (peace be upon him) command mentioned here indicates obligation; when it is wajib to go out for it, it is wajib to pray it, because of its higher priority. Thus the truth is that it is an obligation - not a mere recommendation." 

No prayer before or after Eid prayer
No sunnah prayer may precede or follow the Eid prayer - except if it is performed in a masjid instead of the musalla, in which case one must pray two Rak`at before sitting down. Ibn `Abbas narrated: 
"The Prophet (peace be upon him) went out (of his house) on the day of Fitr, prayed two Rak`at, and did not pray before or after it." 

Ibnul-Qayyim said: "Neither he (peace be upon him) nor his companions prayed when they arrived at the musalla - before the prayer or after it." 

And Ibn Hajar said: "... In short, there is no confirmed sunnah prayer before or after the Eid prayer - contrary to those who compare it to the Jumu`ah prayer." 

But it is confirmed from Abu Sa'eed al-Khudri that: 
"The Prophet (peace be upon him) would not pray at all before the Eid prayer; but when he returned to his house, he prayed." 

Al-Albani commented on this: "So the negation of praying before and after the Eid prayer refers only to praying at the musalla." 

Time of the Eid Prayer
`Abdullah Bin Busr (may Allah be please with him) went out with some people to pray on a Fitr or Adha morning. He expressed his disapproval of the imam's delay of the prayer beyond the time of tasbih, and said: 
"We (at the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him)) used to be finished with the prayer by now." 

This is the most authentic report regarding this issue. There are other reports, but are not confirmed in terms of their chains of narrators. Ibnul-Qayyim said: 
"The Prophet (peace be upon him) delayed the prayer of Eidul-Fitr, and was prompt with that of al-Adha. And Ibn `Umar, despite his extreme adherence to the Sunnah, would not go out until the sun had risen." 

Siddiq Hasan Khan said: "The time of the two Eid prayers is after the sun has reached the height of a spear, and until noon. The consensus of the scholars about this is in agreement with the (related) Hadiths - despite their weakness." 

Abu Bakr al-Jaza'iri said: "The time of the two Eid's prayers is after the sun has reached the height of a spear, and until noon. However, it is best to pray al-Adha at the earliest time, to enable the people to slaughter their sacrifices; and is recommended to delay al-Fitr prayer, to enable the people to give out their Sadaqah (zakatul-Fitr)." 

late report of crescent sighting
If the day of Eid is not determined until late in the day (past the time of the Eid prayer), then the Eid prayer is held the next day. Abu `Umayr Bin Anas reported that some of his uncles, who were from the Ansar, and who were companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him), told him: 
"The crescent of Shawwal was obscure to us. So we continued to fast that morning; later in the day, a group of travelers arrived and testified before Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) that they had seen the hilal (crescent) the previous day; so he (peace be upon him) commanded the people to break their fast on that day, and to go out to the musalla the following morning." 

No Athan or Iqama
The Eid prayer is not preceded with Athan or Iqamah. Jabir Bin Samurah reported: 
"I prayed the Eid prayer with Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him), on more than one occasion, without Athan or Iqamah." 

Ibn `Abbas and Jabir (may Allah be please with him) said: "Athan was never given (for the Eid prayer) on the day of Fitr, nor the day of Adha." 

Ibnul-Qayyim said: "He (peace be upon him) would arrive at the musalla and start the prayer without Athan, Iqamah, or announcing, 'Congregate for prayer'. The Sunnah is not to do any of that." 

Al-San`ani commented on the above reports: "This provides evidence that it is not permissible to do that (announcing) for the Eid prayer. So, doing it is a bid`ah (innovation)."